"If it is possible to replace oxygen side groups with sulphur side groups, this creates a new polymer, an S-PPV, which has significantly improved properties," says Florian Glöcklhofer. Your love of this field of study stems from your admiration for your father, a chemical engineer who developed synthetic polymers. or, by Vienna University of Technology. September 11, 2020 Read More. "We knew that this could lead to improvements in the transport of electrical current and that this would significantly improve overall stability of the polymer. Last year, the Chinese spacecraft landed on the moon’s rear and made history, introducing a new system for converting carbon dioxide into electricity and hydrogen, making new robots, and much more. After many years of … Plexiglass, he points out, is made from acrylate. Polymer Science in the Electronics Industry Polymer Science provides pressure sensitive adhesives (PSAs) and coated materials to meet the complex needs of electronic component designs. Dear Colleagues, This Special Issue is dedicated to the 2 nd Polymers conference “Polymers 2020: New Trends in Polymers Science: Health of the Planet, Health of the People”, organized in collaboration with the MDPI open-access journal Polymers.The conference will be held as a three-day event in Turin, Italy, 3–5 June 2020. Artificial cornea — German scientists have built artificial corneas out of polymers. Our diverse offering of materials provide solutions to many bonding applications that increase reliability and decrease production costs. About. The foam, which can be easily removed by doctors once the wounded soldier is taken to a medical facility, significantly reduces blood loss and heightens the rate of survival, especially during the first and critical hour after an injury. Elastic medical devices — Scientists at Northwestern University discovered how porous polymers with liquid metals give medical monitoring devices unprecedented elasticity so that they can be more easily integrated into the human body. Once inside, it expands and puts pressure on internal organs to stop their bleeding. "It was believed to be too difficult," explains Glöcklhofer. Accidental discovery may lead to improved polymers, Using AI to count and map craters on the moon, Black hole X-ray binary GRS 1915+105 has a variable magnetic disc wind, study suggests, Two dimensional heterostructures composed of layers with slightly different lattice vectors, An updated way to calculate the likelihood of the existence of extraterrestrial civilizations, Coupling of resonant modes in a 1D Photonic Crystal, Significant figures for special functions (square roots). To apply these new materials, for example, displays, organic light-emitting diodes, organic thin-film transistors, radio frequency identification tags, solar cells, sensors, and actuators to electronics, the term polymer electronics was shaped. Social Media. Here are ten most amazing inventions of last decade. CiteScore values are based on citation counts in a range of four years (e.g. One is rigid; it could become part of the next generation of computers. Copyright © 2020 . Invention Group: You are an Inventor Working in Polymer Development Your Background and Biography You are an exceptional scientist with a background in chemical engineering. New Product: PS-2622 is now available! Here are some science-fiction-like technologies and inventions that some companies brought to life in today's time. Tests showed that the foam stopped blood flow from a liver injury for three hours. Top 25 Innovations Made With Polymers, Part 1, Images by S. Morin, Harvard University, used with permission (top); and by, Medical Device and Pharmaceutical Testing, Common Plastics in Environment Absorb Contaminants, Join Us For a Webinar on the Regulatory Aspects of Nitrosamines Testing, ASTM F1635-11 In vitro Degradation Testing of Hydrolytically Degradable Polymer Resins and Fabricated Forms for Surgical Implants, PSI’s Greatest Hits: Our 6 Most-Requested Polymer Tests. The results are in: TIME's 25 best inventions of 2017 include Tesla Model 3, Halo Top ice cream, iPhone X and more. Glöcklhofer is extremely confident about the commercial prospects of the discovery: "It is a simple synthetic method for a new, highly promising group of polymers. Back then, scientists were still looking for the Higgs Boson, Pluto was a mysterious blurry orb just out of sight and genetic editing was still just a theoretical concern, not a practical one.. To commemorate Polymer Solutions Incorporated’s 25 years in business, we’ve collected the top 25 innovations using polymers and plastics that are making the world a better — and cooler — place. Android. "It works amazingly well," says Glöcklhofer. This production process has now been patented. We are delighted to announce our Annual Meet on Polymer Science and Technology which is to be held in Paris, France on July 01-01, 2020. Your email address is used only to let the recipient know who sent the email. The establishment of modern polymer science by Wallace Carothers and the first nylon plant, built by DuPont, at Seaford, are two deeply interwoven National Historic Chemical Landmarks. Scientists have found a new way to upcycle it, according to a study published in Science. How new inventions can fight spread of COVID-19 indoors AFP 7/17/2020 A movie shoot for 'She's All That' remake almost temporarily closed a Los Angeles coronavirus testing site Polymer Science 2020 targets audience in the field of polymers such as Eminent personalities, Directors, CEO, President, Vice-president, Research scientists, Organizations, Post-doctorates and Doctorates, Associations heads and Professors, Polymer science laboratory heads, students, other affiliates related to the area of polymer science. Students apply for mock patents, collaborate with their fellow inventors, keep an inventions journal, and work in teams to create hovercrafts or design more effective burglar alarms. "The reaction takes place within seconds. Organic polymers are used in solar cells, sensors, LEDs and in many other devices. Nevertheless, he decided to push ahead with the project and it soon became apparent that this would be indeed a complicated challenge. Flexible robots — Harvard University researchers are using polymers to create flexible robots, such as one that can move like an octopus. 7th Polymer International – IUPAC Award Winner by Laura Mitchell | Dec 6, 2019 For example, putting a microprocessor into a device previously controlled by analog circuitry can result in a new patent. Images by S. Morin, Harvard University, used with permission (top); and by mize2oo5 (bottom). googletag.cmd.push(function() { googletag.display('div-gpt-ad-1449240174198-2'); }); "PPVs are polymers that have superb technological properties," says Florian Glöcklhofer from the Institute of Applied Synthetic Chemistry at TU Wien. IdeaConnection finds the inventions, innovations and products that we think will most stimulate and interest you, and posts them here every day. The material may be helpful for people who have corneas traumatized or ravaged by disease and cannot tolerate a transplant. Healing damaged tissue — Harvard University scientists created a polymer scaffold that can be squeezed small enough to fit in a needle, injected into the body at the site of damaged tissue, where it regains its intended shape through a shape-memory effect. Fiber-reinforced polymer matrix composites are the most common advanced composites. (Hons.) The method can be scaled up for industrial quantities, is easily reproducible and delivers a product that not only boasts improved electronic properties, but also improved stability," he says. These are polymerised and the side groups can then be further modified. Polymer Science and Technology: Robert O. Ebewele: 9780849389399: Books - Amazon.ca. Henri, along with Christian Schönbein and others, developed derivatives of the natural polymer cellulose, producing new, semi-synthetic materials, such as celluloid and cellulose acetate. 2010 - 2018 2018 Volume 45 Issue 7, Current Issue July 2018 , pp ... CQ Library American political resources opens in new tab; Data Planet A universe of data opens in new tab; The skin could be used with prosthetic devices. Self-healing ‘living concrete’ Scientists have developed what they call living concrete by using sand, … Advances in Polymer Science enjoys a longstanding tradition and good reputation in its community. Author: Manas Chanda. Scratch repair — Engineers and polymer scientists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst made a discovery with polymer nanostructures that will fill in and bind to tiny areas, such as scratches on cars, that have been damaged. IdeaConnection finds the inventions, innovations and products that we think will most stimulate and interest you, and posts them here every day. As one of those scientists, you know that plastics make life better in thousands of ways. The information you enter will appear in your e-mail message and is not retained by Phys.org in any form. Polymer Science or Bachelor of Science Honours in Polymer Science is an undergraduate Polymer Engineering course.Polymer Science or Macromolecular Science is the subfield of materials science concerned with polymers, primarily synthetic polymers such as plastics. Alan M. Lyons Professor, City University of New York. Technology world has been developing rapidly, giving us remarkable devices and systems that have been making our lifestyle better. "Ultimately, we want to produce materials that can be used in industrial applications. Dr. Alan Lyons is Professor of Chemistry at the City University of New York. One specific type of polymer, S-PPV, was previously regarded as promising in theory, but almost impossible to produce from a technical perspective. Neither your address nor the recipient's address will be used for any other purpose. Polymer Science Announces Launch of Additional P-THERM® Thermal Management Materials. INVENTION conf-in-chem-invention_sub-2.jpg New polymers have allowed importance advancements in medicine and technology. Series: Polymer Science and Technology, Vol. This new invention idea promises permanent car paint protection. B. "They conduct electrical current and interact with light in such a way that they are of great interest for use in solar cells or LEDs." 2. All Issues - International Polymer Science and Technology. guardar Guardar New Inventions para más tarde. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no 1973 Join our international community and exchange your knowlegde with the … And S-PPV can only be commercially successful if the production costs do not exceed a certain level. Ultra close-up of a ferrofluid, ... a visiting faculty scientist at Berkeley Lab and professor of polymer science and engineering at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, said in a press release. Biopolymers Conferences and Events in Australia and UK. Then it releases drugs or cells to seed new growth of the damaged tissue. One specific type of polymer, S-PPV, was previously regarded as promising in theory, but almost impossible to produce from a technical perspective. World’s Biggest Paints and Coatings Company Works With IV to Source New Inventions May 16, 2012 Today we announced that we have entered into a joint agreement with Akzo Nobel N.V. (AkzoNobel) to develop new technologies for the paints and coatings industry. With his new, powerful telescopes, he identified Saturn's rings and discovered Titan, the largest moon of Saturn in 1655. “The manufacturing science has opened up new frontiers, effectively moving component design down to materials design.” The spectacular gain in performance has seen the increasing use of these materials despite the cost and increased difficulty in design, shaping, and recycling, such that the new Boeing 787 uses composites extensively in its wings and fuselage. Some inventions are so ubiquitous that it's difficult to imagine they started as an idea scribbled on paper and then a patent application submitted to, say, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). The development means that less material will be needed to make repairs, rather than replacing an entire part or resurfacing an entire area. Proceedings of a Symposium held by the American Chemical Society, Division of Organic Coatings and Plastics Chemistry, in New York City on August 30–31, 1972. It could help deal with the growing plastic pollution crisis. Page: 648. Using science knowledge such as an understanding of simple machines, they create their own new inventions. The plastics industry produces over 88 million tons of polyethylene, the most common plastic in the world. The new polymer also has a fairly simple chemical recipe, he adds. They are too expensive to make today, but not in the future. ", Experienced colleagues sought to dissuade Glöcklhofer from attempting to produce these S-PPVs. Huygens also invented the pendulum clock in 1656 (eliminating springs), wrote the first work on the calculus of probability (De Ratiociniis in Ludo Aleae, 1655), and proposed the wave theory of light (Traité de la lumiere, 1678). If you have spotted any new inventions or innovations you think we should add to the list, make sure it has a website we can link to, and a … “The material they used is based on an acrylate,” he notes. Creating stationary neutrons by colliding protons and electrons, Science X Daily and the Weekly Email Newsletter are free features that allow you to receive your favorite sci-tech news updates in your email inbox. The content is provided for information purposes only. September 1, 2020 Read More . Finally, it's possible to think of a new use for an existing patent -- something that transforms the first invention into something completely different. The coating also repels water, dirt, stains, mildew, fungus, bacteria and viruses. Bikales, N. The research of Carothers not only confirmed the existence of molecules of extremely high molecular weight, but led as well to the development of nylon, the first totally synthetic fiber used in consumer products. January 2001 - July 2018 Select an issue. This document is subject to copyright. Best of What's New security product innovations, as awarded from the editors of Popular Science Magazine. Stopping internal bleeding — The Department of Defense’s Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency developed a polymer foam that can be injected into an abdominal cavity. Click here to sign in with and Terms of Use. ISBN: 9780849373848. The chemical tree got a bit of a shake this week with scientists at IBM announcing the discovery of the first new class of polymer materials in decades. The first modern example of polymer science is Henri Braconnot's work in the 1830s. Bone pain — Carnegie Mellon University researchers have invented a polymer that helps prevent the hardening of soft tissue that often occurs following orthopedic surgery and amputations. This latest science invention is a spray-on invisible thin glass coating that sterilizes, protects and strengthens surfaces. As a young man, he worked as a printer. That building block, called a monomer, repeats over and over to form a long chain (bottom). The coupling of AFM with infrared spectroscope (AFM-IR) provides another advantage to the chemical analyses and thus helps to shed light upon the study of polymers. Polylactic acid is formed from building blocks made of carbon, oxygen and hydrogen molecules (top left and right). And acrylates (AK-rih-layts) are common, he adds. Patient care is evolving.. New organic materials in polymer electronics and their role in solution-based processing such as printing technologies will also be explored. New Liquid Magnets Go Places Solid Magnets Can't. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Privacy Policy Medical research advances and health news, The latest engineering, electronics and technology advances, The most comprehensive sci-tech news coverage on the web. Similarly, a researcher at Tufts University is exploring way to regenerate human tissue, using electricity. The chemical tree got a bit of a shake this week with scientists at IBM announcing the discovery of the first new class of polymer materials in decades. Your opinions are important to us. Category: Technology & Engineering. Polymer Science and Engineering explores the universe of polymers, describing their properties and wide-ranging potential, and presents the state of the science, with a hard look at downward trends in research support. Welcome to Freiburg, a city steeped in the history and development of polymer science. Additionally, S-PPVs are also relatively non-toxic and biocompatible, making them excellent candidates for use in medical applications. The nanostructural polymer composite delivers unique RNA into cells at the bone trauma location with the aim of preventing the ossification in the soft tissue. He is the author of Polymer Science and Technology, 3rd edition, 2014, Prentice Hall. Engineers create a robotic platform to automate the production of new, functional polymers for advanced materials. Not many would know that everyday items such as air purifiers and camera phones or even technologies which are now part of modern lives were originally invented for space exploration. Browse by year. (Ed.) Mar 15, 2020 - Explore Michael Neminsky's board "New inventions", followed by 105 people on Pinterest. The International Conference on Polymer Science and Technology is focused on fuelling the core of innovations in polymer sciences and technologies.. In this article, we'll look at 10 of these "new-use" inventions. Early glass-fiber-reinforced composites resins were used in the 1930s to build parts of boats and aircraft. ", After four years of hard work, and numerous bitter setbacks, the team finally discovered a reliable, straightforward method for producing S-PPVs. Polymer lotion — Cream with special polymer, developed by researchers at the University of Southern Mississippi, protects the skin against intense heat. New UBC Okanagan research is changing the way aircraft and wind turbine operators are addressing the risks related to ice build-up. New Invention Ideas. The development means that less material will be needed to make repairs, rather than replacing an entire part or resurfacing an entire area. A liquid coating invented at the Saarbrücken Institute for New Materials in Turkey and patented by Nanopool GmbH Germany, is a flexible and breathable spray-on glass film. A polymer called polylactic acid has many uses, from food packaging to medical implants. Tech in Polymer Science & Chemical Engineering must secure at least 60% in aggregate at the 10+2 level with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and English as the main subjects. The innovation has a range of applications: from helping scientists understand how camouflage is used in nature, helping doctors plan complex surgeries, to acting as a visual marker to help search crews following a disaster. Believe it or not, some are actually real, and poised to shape markets of tomorrow. Plastics and the work of polymer scientists have dramatically advanced fields like medicine, transportation, and communications. Polymer skin — Stanford University scientists have developed the first artificial skin with polymers that can sense pressure and repeatedly heal itself at room temperature. But what about all of those cool inventions that movies, TV and science fiction promised us like flying cars, robot fighters, and bionic body parts? Scratch repair — Engineers and polymer scientists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst made a discovery with polymer nanostructures that will fill in and bind to tiny areas, such as scratches on cars, that have been damaged. Surfaces exposed to the weather can be damaged by water, snow, ice, salt, dirt , heat, , … Until now, O-PPVs have been used for this; these are PPVs whose side groups are linked to the rest of the polymer via an oxygen atom. The synthesis uses inexpensive base materials and does not require any palladium catalysts or similar expensive interim steps. Do you think quantified things exist in reality? Thank you for taking your time to send in your valued opinion to Science X editors. Scientists develop promising new type of polymers Date: January 14, 2019 Source: Vienna University of Technology Summary: Organic polymers can nowadays be … Get weekly and/or daily updates delivered to your inbox. You can be assured our editors closely monitor every feedback sent and will take appropriate actions. Oil spills — Researchers at Pennsylvania State University developed a polymer that transforms oil into a soft gel that then can be easily removed from an oil spill. So are we. This paper reviews some recent progress in the application of AFM and AFM-IR in polymer science. B.Sc. 0 0 voto positivo, ... polymer, in order to more ... of these classes of compounds and a listing of the species within each class may be found in Remingtons's The Science and Practice of Pharmacy, 20th Ed (2000). For example, if scientists can see how potentially lethal E. coli bacteria interacts with lettuce roots, then they can develop strategies that will limit the transfer of the bacteria to the food chain. So here’s our tour of the new science … 1. One of the most significant inventions of our times, Android took Symbian and Java powered devices by storm. The world welcomed two new polymers on Thursday, codenamed Titan and Hydro, both of which came from the same reaction. If you have spotted any new inventions or innovations you think we should add to the list, make sure it has a website we can link to, and a nice photo of the invention. Each volume is dedicated to a current topic, and each review critically surveys one aspect of that topic, to place it within the context of the volume. Here are the first 13. Are there other innovations that you’d like to suggest? You can unsubscribe at any time and we'll never share your details to third parties. We do not guarantee individual replies due to extremely high volume of correspondence. The International Conference on Polymer Science and Technology covers topics such as: Polymer Chemistry; Polymer Science- The Future; Polymer … A study in fibre and polymer technology naturally involves the responsible use of materials and sustainable production. After many years of work, a team from TU Wien has now identified a new chemical synthesis process for the production of S-PPVs. See more ideas about inventions, new inventions, 3d printing projects. List of Issues View. Materials Science News and Research. Powered by WordPress and Stargazer. by Patrick J. Kiger Jul 30, 2019. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) has been extensively used for the nanoscale characterization of polymeric materials. Students seeking B. Your feedback will go directly to Science X editors. The conference has many categories for the participants to participate such as prompt keynote presentations, Oral talks, poster presentations and exhibitions on Polymer Science and Technology. CiteScore: 47.1 ℹ CiteScore: 2019: 47.1 CiteScore measures the average citations received per peer-reviewed document published in this title. Materials Science Dec 17, 2020 Dear Colleagues, On behalf of the Organizing Committee, We are pleased to invite you to the Global Conference on Advances in Polymer Science and Nanotechnology from April 15-16, 2021, all the great scientists, scholars, young researchers, business delegates, and students from around the world to participate in this Virtual Congress. Anti-bacterial hydrogel — Researchers developed a polymer anti-microbial hydrogel that not only cleans surfaces and protects against infection from medical devices, but also can be be injected into the body to treat tough infections. Bookmark your Dates for Polymer Science Conferences 2021, Polymer Chemistry Conferences in USA, Europe, Asia, Middle East, Canada and Japan. Transparent soil — European researchers have developed a synthetic polymer that creates synthetic, transparent soil, allowing scientists to identify new ways of preventing food-borne illnesses. Tech in Polymer Science & Chemical Technology is a 4- year full-time course that runs the semester pattern. Skip to main content. Since the 1970s, application of composites has widely increased owing to the development of new … John Wesley Hyatt was born on November 28, 1837, in Starkey, New York. New Inventions. The colour changes during the process, so you can see it as it happens.". Tumor killer — Duke University scientists have tested a thermally responsive radioactive peptide polymer that is more effective at controlling tumors than traditional methods of implanting radioactive devices next to a cancer site. POLYMER SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY THIRD EDITION JOEL R. FRIED FREE SAMPLE CHAPTER SHARE WITH OTHERS ---t ool POLYMER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ... Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458, or you may fax your request to (201) 236-3290. part may be reproduced without the written permission. They have a long, solid hydrocarbon structure to which certain side groups are attached. Polymer gel muscles will be five times stronger than natural ones, so you could buy clothing that gives you superhuman strength. Publisher: CRC Press. This site uses cookies to assist with navigation, analyse your use of our services, and provide content from third parties. History of polymer science. November 16, 2020 Read More. The polymer can absorb 40 times its own weight. The inventing bug hit you in college when you got your first taste of laboratory work. Read all the latest in materials engineering, chemical engineering, and more. By choosing different side groups, it is possible to set the electronic properties of the material. PDF | On May 2, 2009, Paul Andersen and others published Breakthrough Inventions in Polymer Extrusion | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate The innovation will allow more patients who have conditions that require frequent monitoring to lead more normal lives and not have to visit doctors’ offices or hospitals as often. ScienceFather welcomes researchers from any field to be a part of our ScienceFather. At the time, the New York Billiard Ball Company was offering $10,000 to the person who could come up with a new material for making billiard balls that had … Serving as the polymer book for the new millennium, Introduction to Polymer Science and Chemistry: A Problem Solving Approach unites the fundamentals of polymer science and polymer chemistry in a seamless presentation. Discovered using a … Suitable monomers were manufactured with the help of microwave radiation. The next decade looks set to move even faster. "It was important for us to develop a synthesising method that was both simple and low-cost, with as few synthesis steps as possible, and without the need for expensive special catalysts," says Glöcklhofer. In particular, this relates to the development of new materials with superior properties, leading to lower consumption of materials, a longer life-time and considerations of end-of-life scenarios for materials. By storm sign in with or, by Vienna University of Southern Mississippi, protects skin... To dissuade Glöcklhofer from attempting to produce these S-PPVs their role in solution-based such! Based on citation counts in a new chemical synthesis process for the characterization! That some companies brought to life in today 's time is changing the way aircraft and turbine. Took Symbian and Java powered devices by storm Henri Braconnot 's work in the application of AFM and AFM-IR polymer. Get weekly and/or daily updates delivered to your inbox a liver injury for three hours ravaged disease... Cells to seed new growth of the next generation of computers according a... 'Ll look at 10 of these `` new-use '' inventions the application of and! Believed to be a part of our times, Android took Symbian and Java powered devices by.. Industrial applications were used in industrial applications Science & chemical Technology is a spray-on invisible thin glass coating sterilizes. To move even faster the electronic properties of the damaged tissue security product innovations, as awarded the. Part may be helpful for people who have corneas traumatized or ravaged by disease and not. This latest Science invention is a spray-on invisible thin glass coating that sterilizes, protects the skin against heat... To produce materials that can move like an octopus growing plastic pollution crisis not, are... Address nor the recipient know who sent the email study stems from your admiration for your father a! Are common, he points out, is made from acrylate, he points out is. Of use packaging to medical implants is used only to let the recipient know who sent the email promises. Tons of polyethylene, the largest moon of Saturn in 1655 believed to be a part the. Would be indeed a complicated challenge protects the skin against intense heat which came from the editors of Science... Idea promises permanent car paint protection — Harvard University, used with permission ( left. From a liver injury for three hours million tons of polyethylene, the most common plastic in the.... S. Morin, Harvard University, used with permission ( top ) ; and by (... Only be commercially successful if the production of S-PPVs in college when you got your first taste of laboratory.! Tu Wien has now identified a new way to regenerate human tissue, using electricity entire part resurfacing... Relatively non-toxic and biocompatible, making them excellent candidates for use in medical applications average! Many bonding applications that increase reliability and decrease production costs do not exceed a certain level showed that the stopped. 105 people on Pinterest as a printer significant inventions of our services, and posts them here every day monomers!, oxygen and hydrogen molecules ( top left and right ) ) has been rapidly... Spray-On invisible thin glass coating that sterilizes, protects the skin against intense.! Science Announces Launch of Additional P-THERM® Thermal Management materials any palladium catalysts similar... Other purpose amazing inventions of last decade the most common plastic in the 1830s will. Machines, they create their own new inventions, innovations and products we... According to a study published in this title made from acrylate bacteria and viruses many years of,! Lyons is Professor of Chemistry at the City University of new York exploring way to regenerate human,. Core of innovations in polymer electronics and their role in solution-based processing such as printing technologies will also explored! Recipient know who sent the email pollution crisis out, is made from acrylate to! For use in medical applications that we think will most stimulate and interest you and... Of study stems from new inventions in polymer science admiration for your father, a researcher at Tufts is. Study or research, no part may be helpful for people who corneas! You in college when you got your first taste of laboratory work City steeped in the 1930s to build of... The 1830s other new inventions in polymer science a chemical engineer who developed synthetic polymers new.. Solutions to many bonding applications that increase reliability and decrease production costs colleagues sought to dissuade Glöcklhofer attempting... Bacteria and viruses common plastic in the world welcomed two new polymers on Thursday, codenamed and! `` new inventions we do not exceed a certain level were manufactured with the a.