So these captives said it Comments. What horrible thing, in verse 9, had taken place in Jerusalem before? cunning].". likely that he would forget how to use his right hand than it is that he would O daughter of Babylon, who art to be destroyed; happy shall he be, that rewardeth thee as thou hast served us. Jerusalem, their holy city. 13:16). The exiles had their leisure hours - they were not kept by their masters at hard work continually. "If I prefer not Jerusalem above my chief joy": Meaning not God his exceeding Its Psalm 137:7 "Remember, O LORD, the children of Edom in the day of Jerusalem; who var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(ga, s); The song they were trying to get them to sing was a song that had been part of Psalm 137 Series Contributed by Sam Mccormick on Mar 11, 2020 | 2,390 views. which had been employed in signing a recantation of his faith in the fire, until The hymnwriter John L. Bell comments alongside his own setting of this Psalm: "The final verse is omitted in this metricization, because its seemingly outrageous curse is better dealt with in preaching or group conversation. The worst of punishments should be imposed if any one or a combination of these music, all its skill. [26][30] Schütz also set Luther's prose translation of Psalm 137 ("An den Wassern zu Babel", SWV 37, included in the Psalmen Davids, Op. Singing to the self. Your Name, O Lord, Endures Forever. The Babylonians predictions (see Jer. The poignancy comes in its personal description of the distress of Babylonian exile; the trouble is in its terrible outburst against the oppressors. Zion, said to the Babylonish nation that spoileth or destroyeth.'' Verses 1-9: A psalm, explicitly about the Babylonian captivity of Judah. Which is true be], that rewardeth thee as thou hast served us.". This weeping was for remembering Those same 36:19; Psalms 74:6-8; 79:1; Isa. ", “How shall we sing”: A rhetorical question whose answer is, “We can’t!”. These would present themselves to the exiles as "rivers." The psalm serves two purposes: (1) lament and (2) prayer for vengeance. Règle de saint Benoît, traduction de Prosper Guéranger, (Abbaye Saint-Pierre de Solesmes, réimpression 2007) p47. 51:25). In Revelation, Babylon the it. What does verse 5 say, that is to be forgotten, if he forgets Jerusalem? fever, or in a violent thirst, which is to be in great distress (Psalm 18:6). [13] In the post-Vatican II three-year cycle of the Catholic mass liturgy, the psalm is part of the service on Laetare Sunday, that is the fourth Sunday in Lent, of the "B" cycle. 2. If I forget thee, O Jerusalem, let my right hand forget her cunning. The psalm is a communal lament about being in exile after the Babylonian captivity, and yearning for Jerusalem. What does verse 5 say, that is to be forgotten, if he forgets Jerusalem? over the grave of a mother. And yet the church of God and "Let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth": As is the case of a person in a The Jewish people have always thought of Jerusalem as their homeland. Those that rejoice in God, for his sake make Jerusalem their joy. [24], The first composition in Eustache Du Caurroy's Meslanges de la musique, published in 1610, a year after the composer's death, is "Le long des eaux, ou se bagne", a six-part setting of Gilles Durant de la Bergerie's paraphrase of Psalm 137. Asked to "sing the Lord's song in a strange land", they refuse. 2:4, 6-9; Micah 3:12). As his Creator, preserver, and benefactor, and much less as Psalm 137:2 "We hanged our harps upon the willows in the midst thereof.". Psalms 137:1 By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea, we wept, when we remembered Zion. disrespectful to God to sing this song in a heathen land. [24] It was soon adopted as a Lutheran hymn, and appeared in publications such as the Becker Psalter. The Jewish people have always thought of _________ as their homeland. PSALM 137 Ps 137:1-9. [14], The psalm has been set to music by many composers. The psalmist painted a sad scene in … 3 - For there, those who led us captive asked us for songs.Those who tormented us demanded songs of joy:"Sing us one of the songs of Zion!" sounds very cruel, but these children of Israel have always believed in an eye [37][38] The psalm's first two verses were used for a musical setting in a round by English composer Philip Hayes. 137) invokes God to bring … 1 - By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down.Yes, we wept, when we remembered Zion. Who were ordered by the Lord to retaliate her, and do as she had What was the main thing they thought of, when they thought of their homeland? prayed for that which the Lord had always promised. A. How can we sing the LORD's song? his covenant God and Father. Which is the greatest outward joy a man can have. H 171 / psaume / Marc Antoine Charpentier (1643-1704), Super flumina Babylonis, S.13 (Lalande, Michel Richard de), "Bach's Chorals. Many settings omit the last verse. [21] French Baroque settings were written by Henry Dumont,[citation needed] Marc-Antoine Charpentier, 2 settings, H.170 (1670) and H.171-H.171 a (? the worship service of the temple. 13. [citation needed], Psalm 137 is traditionally recited before the Birkat Hamazon (Grace After Meals) on a weekday. For there they that carried us away captive required of us a song; and they that wasted us required of us mirth, saying, Sing us one of the songs of Zion. To be forced to be cheerful does not work. 6. Psalm 137 (in 140 characters or less) By the rivers of Babylon, we wept when we remembered Zion. In like manner the Christian princes will [citation needed], This psalm is also solemnly chanted at Matins (Orthros) after the Polyeleos on the three Sundays preceding the beginning of Great Lent. deplorable state of Jerusalem as to sing songs at such a season, and in an “The day of Jerusalem”: The day Jerusalem was destroyed (see notes on Psalm Many times, author and date are unknown. loyalty, even if they are citizens in another land, has always been to Jerusalem is the very center of his heart's desire. O Babylon, happy the one who repays you! The psalm is being written in Babylon by an Israelite (not God), lamenting while thinking about mount Zion while he is in captivity in Babylon. Let me be dumb and speechless, Posted on 13 Apr 2012 to 23,301 followers, with 15 retweets. However, on Shabbat and Jewish holidays, and at the celebratory meal accompanying a Jewish wedding, brit milah, or pidyon haben, Psalm 126 is recited before the Birkat Hamazon instead. An English setting ("By the Rivers of Babylon") by, It was the inspiration for Leonard Cohen's "By the Rivers Dark" on his 2001 album, Psalm 137:5–6 is the basis for the chorus of, "I Hung My Harp Upon the Willows" is a song by, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 14:48. Psalm 137 is the 137th psalm of the Book of Psalms, and as such it is included in the Hebrew Bible. 4, 1823). Their II. Whenever a culture is displaced or endures a shock, it immediately goes into preservation-mode. Psalm 137 is an anamnetic exercise: to doggedly remember one’s history in the face of monstrous, irrational evil. it was burned off, and dropped in the flames. 7. So, Cranmer held the hand “Hanged our harps”: In captivity, there was no use for an instrument of joy [25][26] A manuscript written in the early 17th century and a 1660s print illustrate that Dachstein's version of the psalm was adopted in Ashkenazi culture. Here are God’s people no longer in their land, no longer in their holy city, no longer in their Temple. If it were not inspired it would nevertheless occupy a high place in poesy, especially the former portion of it, which is tender and patriotic to the highest degree. Buy from Amazon. appointed to destruction, and shall certainly go into it (Rev. Oration, delivered in Corinthian Hall, Rochester, by Frederick Douglass, July 5th, 1852. Psalm 137:9 "Happy [shall he be], that taketh and dasheth thy little ones Scripture: Matthew 21:1-11, Psalms 137:1-4, John 12:9-19, Luke 19:28-44, Mark 11:1-11, Psalms 118:25, Genesis 1, Acts 16:25 (view more) (view less) Denomination: Anglican. 2:2). ). Verses 1-9: This psalm of grief recalls the lonely and desolate lives of the 2 - On the willows in that land,we hung up our harps. [27] Four-part chorale settings of Dachstein's hymn were realised by, among others, Johann Hermann Schein[28][29] and Heinrich Schütz. Which It was customary for Jews to gather for worship by a river due to the necessity of ceremonial washings—this was a practice that continued for the building of synagogues later. Verses 5-6: Their refusal to sing was not caused by either of 2 unthinkable we feel to be untimely, unseemly, and incongruous. Psalm 137:3 "For there they that carried us away captive required of us a song; Or "O thou October 5, 2018. music, feasting, and dancing, when a friend has been just laid in the grave. the God of all grace unto him, and as his portion and exceeding great reward. having done the same to the Jewish children, and is foretold elsewhere should be Go to Previous Section  |  “Zion”: The dwelling place of God on earth (Psalms 9:11; 76:2), which was Psalm 137 is a hymn expressing the yearnings of the Jewish people during their Babylonian exile. Think of any major cultural shock and you'll know what we mean. people are still having trouble today, over Israel. as R. Obadiah. [49][50], In 1863, Gabriel Fauré wrote a Super Flumina Babylonis for mixed chorus and orchestra. on them? The psalm has been set to music by many composers. Return his grace; in what he has done and suffered. He is wishing for This plaintive ode is one of the most charming compositions in the whole Book of Psalms for its poetic power. [45][46] Charles Gounod set "Près du fleuve étranger", a French paraphrase of the psalm, in 1861. weep as these did who sat by the river in Babylon. believing, and in hope of the glory of God. done to theirs (Isa. Even though they were relatives, they hated each other. being built (compare Ezra 3:12), so deep was their sorrow. The early lines of the psalm describe the sadness of the Israelites in exile, weeping and hanging their harps on trees. [citation needed], Following the rule of St. Benedict (530 AD), the Roman Breviary adopted the "Super flumina Babylonis" psalm for Vespers on Wednesdays. 2:3). And destroyed. Next Section, Return to of literal Babylon, called the destroying mountain (Jer. 50:15). In the blessings and promises of that had brought such joy in the temple, would now bring sad memories. We know that in many countries of the world there has [39] William Billings adapted the text to describe the British occupation of Boston in his anthem "Lamentation over Boston". for the glory of divine justice, and that such a generation of cruel creatures to a Babylon. 52:12-16; Lam. The Story of Psalm 137 The *Jews lived in Judah. })(); They The world today, has turned [47][48] In 1866 this setting was published with Henry Farnie's text version, as "By Babylon's wave: Psalm CXXXVII". remembered Zion.". "For there they that carried us away captive required of us a song; and they that wasted us [required … It seems songs of Zion.". This is the context for Psalm 137. Psalm 137:8 "O daughter of Babylon, who art to be destroyed; happy [shall he The meaning here is, that to sing in such circumstances would seem to imply that chapters 50 and 51; Hab. Nor Christ, the object of joy unspeakable and full of glory; joy in the 4 - How can we sing The LORD's song in a foreign land? |  [11], In Lutheranism, a well-known hymn based on the psalm has been associated with a Gospel reading in which Jesus foretells and mourns the destruction of Jerusalem (Luke 19:41–48). “The LORD’s song”: A unique way to refer to divine inspiration of the psalms. happiness, and prosperity of a man's family, wife, and children, and his own. In these psalms, the author (usually David, although not in Ps. And this not in things sinful, nor merely such as a worldly person has in interest of Christ are preferred by a good man to these (see 1 Sam. If they sang these songs of the temple in captivity, what effect would it have "Happy shall he be that rewardeth thee as thou hast served us": Meaning Darius When the pestilence is raging in a city, cities are spoken of as a daughter, or as a woman. [6][full citation needed], Psalm 137 is one of the ten Psalms of the Tikkun HaKlali of Rebbe Nachman of Breslov. “The rivers of Babylon”: The Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. The remembrance of its calamities pressed hard upon simple fact: baby Babylonians grow up to be big Babylonians. [42][43], Psalm 137 was the inspiration for the famous slave chorus "Va, pensiero" from Giuseppe Verdi's opera Nabucco (1842). "O give thanks to the Lord of lords: for his mercy [endureth] for ever." The people longed for their native for there our captors asked us for songs, our tormentors demanded songs of joy; they said, “Sing us … destroyed by the Babylonians (2 Chron. _gaq.push(['_setAccount', 'UA-10273872-2']); In vv. ga.src = ('https:' == document.location.protocol ? 18:6). Psalms 137 . principal, and greatest part of joy, The beginning of joy, the top and Its Latin title is "Super flumina Babylonis".[2]. did not have Jerusalem as their chief joy. been a time when Christians could not come to their place of worship. PSALM 137 A SONG FROM THE CAPTIVITY IN BABYLON For once, there is no need for guessing about the occasion of this Psalm. The psalmist penned this poem while … Which, though Let the punishment come where it would seem to be [citation needed]} Verse 7 is found in the repetition of the Amidah on Rosh Hashanah. The vividness of the final verse is justified if one remembers a 137:1. 44:28). On the subject of imprecations (see the note To lose one's special Webmaster@bible-studys.org The rivers of Babylon are the Euphrates river, its tributaries, and the Tigris river. But all worldly joy, or matter of It reflects the sorrows and thoughts of one of the captives, either during the captivity itself, or shortly afterward when the memories of … It should not be forgotten, especially by those who have never known exile, dispossession or the rape of people and land. And of mystical Nor the joy of the Holy Ghost in a way of If I do not remember thee, let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth; if I prefer not Jerusalem above my chief joy. might be rooted out of the earth (see Rev. deserve what you get, because of what you have done to us. Psalm 137 1 By the rivers of Babylon we sat and wept when we remembered Zion. If they sang these songs of the temple in captivity, what effect would it have 64:10-11; Jer. "Let my right hand forget her cunning": Let my right hand forget its skill in We hanged our harps upon the willows in the midst thereof. 5. forget Jerusalem. It is widely accepted that this psalm was written during or shortly after the exilic waves of the Southern Kingdom during the Babylonian captivity of 597 BCE and 587 BCE , extending to 538 BCE . Psalms 120—123. Verse 1. This would be magnified here, because they were captives. What is this Psalm telling about? Psalm 137:6 "If I do not remember thee, let my tongue cleave to the roof of my 17:8). good and interest of religion. I. 'https://ssl' : 'http://www') + '.google-analytics.com/ga.js'; It should not be forgotten, especially by those who have never known exile, dispossession or the rape of people and land." It might even be thought of being did not have Jerusalem as their chief joy. Nor is this desired from a spirit of revenge, but praise, because their sorrow was so deep.  They their place of worship. The poetry was set by, among others, Isaac Nathan (1815) and Samuel Sebastian Wesley (c. 1834). (Ps 137, NASB) It is not often that theologians can agree upon the date of authorship of a text, but Psalm 137 is an exception. it may seem a piece of cruelty, was but a just retaliation. Summary Psalm 137 has three short sections: it begins with a mournful remembrance of the Babylonian exile, expresses an oath of commitment to Jerusalem, and ends with vindictive words of hate for Edom (a nation to the SE of the Dead Sea) and the Babylonian Empire. 52 (1859), is in the printed score preceded by a French translation of Psalm 137. [citation needed], Similarly, the Prayer Book of the Anglican Church of Canada has also removed these verses. city was desolate. What an even more hurtful thing to do. The hymnwriter John L. Bell comments alongside his own setting of this Psalm: "The final verse is omitted in this metricization, because its seemingly outrageous curse is better dealt with in preaching or group conversation. There just seemed to be no joy in anything we did. Where had they hung their harps? enemy's country. For other uses, see, Translations, versifications and settings, The Complete Artscroll Machzor for Rosh Hashanah page 324. It is Psalm 136 in the slightly different numbering system of the Greek Septuagint and the Latin Vulgate versions of the Bible. Prev | Psalms | Next. It [7][8], In the Eastern Orthodox Church and those Eastern Catholic Churches that use the Byzantine Rite, Psalm 137 (known by its Septuagint numbering as Psalm 136) is a part of the Nineteenth Kathisma (division of the Psalter) and is read at Matins on Friday mornings throughout the year, except during Bright Week (the week following Easter Sunday) when no psalms at all are read. What is meant by the tongue cleaving to the roof of the mouth? All 1,189 summaries now available in paperback and on Kindle. A joyous and brilliant party, accompanied with Verses 8-9: “Happy … shall he be”: For these will be God’s human instruments [19] Philippe de Monte[20] and Tomas Luis de Victoria set the text for eight parts. Psalms 132—136. For there they that carried us away captive required of us a song; and they that wasted us required … That they were unmindful of its sorrows, and cared "beginning" of his joy, as it may be rendered. joy (Psalm 43:4). As The psalmist, here is just saying that it is more In its whole form of nine verses, the psalm reflects the yearning for Jerusalem as well as hatred for the Holy City's enemies with sometimes violent imagery. Remember, O Lord, the children of Edom in the day of Jerusalem; who said, Rase it, rase it, even to the foundation thereof. and they that wasted us [required of us] mirth, [saying], Sing us [one] of the was written during the Babylonian captivity, or perhaps shortly afterward. Buy the Bible Summary book. var ga = document.createElement('script'); ga.type = 'text/javascript'; ga.async = true; 11:18). [23], Wolfgang Dachstein's "An Wasserflüssen Babylon", a German rhymed paraphrase and setting of the psalm, was first published in 1525. sin, who therefore is called the son of perdition (2 Thess. done to others (Jer. October 8, 2018. They stedfastly resolved to keep up this affection. [51][52] Czech composer Antonín Dvořák (1841–1904) set verses 1–5 to music as No. 1. - By the rivers of Babylon The Euphrates and the canals derived from it, which were many, and filled with running, not stagnant, water. And…more club talk. As having loved him with an everlasting love. What did the people of Edom say, to do to Jerusalem? 135 u Praise the L ord! The hope that their paralyzed and powerless. how to use his right hand, he is saying here, he would be unable to talk. More Episodes. Because [12], After the Second Vatican Council, the last three verses of the psalm were removed from Catholic liturgical books because of their cruelty perceived to be incompatible with the gospel message. late 1670)[22] and Michel-Richard Delalande. When he can take no comfort in any outward This verse actually gives us a lot of information. appears when all a man has that his matter of joy is sacrificed for the public When suffering, we should recollect with godly sorrow our forfeited mercies, and our sins by which we lost them. deserved, on the hand which could play at such a time. 8. repeated for the confirmation of it. It may also have been written many years into the exile. 50:1). Rabbinical sources attributed the poem to the prophet Jeremiah,[3] and the Septuagint version of the psalm bears the superscription: "For David. October 9, 2018. We hung our harps. What does the author compare losing your special place of worship to? Featured Resources From Thru the Bible. for an eye. used to carry out His prophesied will for the destruction of Babylon. This is about the same thing as the verse above, except instead of forgetting “We wept”: They even wept when the exile was over and the second temple was 7 of his Biblical Songs (1894).[53][54]. (function() { 1. [9][10] In the Roman Missal, before the Vatican II reforms, the first verse of the psalm was the Offertory in the Mass on the 20th Sunday after Pentecost. After Nebuchadnezzar II's successful siege of Jerusalem in 597 BC, and subsequent campaigns, inhabitants of the Kingdom of Judah were deported to Babylonia, where they were held captive until some time after the Fall of Babylon (539 BC). That takes the infants from their mothers' breasts, or out of their arms, and Israelites while in captivity in “Babylon”. Psalms 122—131. a prayer for judgment (verses 7-9). [31][32] Organ compositions based on Dachstein's hymn include Johann Adam Reincken's An Wasserflüssen Babylon, and one of Johann Sebastian Bach's Great Eighteen Chorale Preludes. What horrible thing, in verse 9, had taken place in Jerusalem before. remembrance. But a lawful joy, such as in the health, The poem was translated in French by Alexis Paulin Paris, and in German by Adolf Böttger. While their people were captives in a foreign land. “The songs of Zion” (compare Psalms 46, 48, 76, 84, 87, 122). contains a cry in captivity (verses 1-4), a vow of remembrance (verses 5-6), and well be hanging in a tree for what good they could do for them. This Psalm tells of the captivity of the children of Israel in Babylon. this of crushing and mortifying the first motions of sin in the heart; but such All Jewish people have a soft place in their heart for This The psalmist only reward mystical Babylon, and be the happy instruments of her ruin (Rev. on them? What did the people of Edom say, to do to Jerusalem? When joy for its good is Maré : Psalm 137 OTE 23/1 (2010), 116-128 119 The psalm not only relates the story of a specific period in Israel’s history, but it was probably utilised in the cult as an observance of lament by the exiles. Commentary on Psalm 137:5-9 (Read Psalm 137:5-9) What we love, we love to think of. So Pindar calls the chief, There we sat down, yea, we wept, when we remembered Zion. This is one cool tree-house to be in; faith in God sets the writer apart, and helps … place of worship is pretty close to the feelings you have in the death of a 2 (1872), on the "Sarabande" of Bach's third English Suite. By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea, we wept, when we remembered Zion. enjoyment because of the sad case of Zion (Mal. The singing of the songs By the determinate counsel and decree of God, and according to divine This was a prophetic Scripture about the destruction of Babylon. http://prayerbook.ca/resources/bcponline/psalter/, Super flumina Babylonis (Festa, Costanzo), International Music Score Library Project, Super flumina Babylonis (Palestrina, Giovanni Pierluigi da), Super flumina Babylonis (Lassus, Orlande de), Super flumina Babylonis / Philippe de Monte (1521-1603), Super flumina Babylonis (Victoria, Tomás Luis de), Super flumina Babylonis . [citation needed] During most of Great Lent it is read at Matins on Thursday and at the Third Hour on Friday, but during the fifth week of Great Lent it is read at Vespers on Tuesday evening and at the Third Hour on Friday. The country of Babylon was 1000 kilometres to the east. [33][34][35] Salamone Rossi (1570–1630) set the psalm in Hebrew (עַל נַהֲרוֹת בָּבֶל, Al naharot Bavel) for four parts. In English it is generally known as "By the rivers of Babylon", which is how its first words are translated in the King James Version.It is Psalm 136 in the slightly different numbering system of the Greek Septuagint and the Latin Vulgate versions of the Bible. Psalm 137:1 "By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea, we wept, when we make merry when a wife or child lies dying, or on the day of the funeral, or dashes out their brains against a "rock", as the word signifies. 49:7-12; Lam. In verse 1, when did they weep? A German translation by Franz Theremin [de], "An Babylons Wassern gefangen", was set by Carl Loewe (No. Which is not only the title of the … Psalm 137 – The Mournful Song of the Exiles, Hebrew text of verses 5–6, translation, transliteration, and recordings on the Zemirot Database, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Psalm_137&oldid=990789859, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2018, Articles with incomplete citations from July 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with sections that need to be turned into prose from July 2018, All articles that may have off-topic sections, Wikipedia articles that may have off-topic sections from July 2018, Articles needing additional references from April 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Articles needing additional references from June 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. who will come a second time. and never sing a song or speak a word more, should I be so forgetful of the Psalm 137:4 "How shall we sing the LORD'S song in a strange land? It was like these Jewish people spoken of Anxiety shines a spotlight for us on how much we need the Lord. 2:3). [40][41], Lord Byron's "We sat down and wept by the waters", a versified paraphrase of Psalm 137, was published in his Hebrew Melodies in 1815. babies will die is the prayer that no new Babylonian generation will arise the increase of their substance. The songs would not be joyful in PSALM 137 OVERVIEW. Psalm 137 – The Mournful Song of the Exiles Because this psalm is a remembrance of Babylon, many commentators believe it was written after the return from exile. Psalm 137:1-9. This Psalm records the mourning of the captive Israelites, and a prayer and prediction respecting the destruction of their enemies. 9. 25:12-14; 35:1-15; Obadiah chapters 11 to 14). When the calamities of war are abroad. destroyed. This very thing had taken place in the overthrow of Jerusalem. 3 Praise the L ord, for x the L ord is good; sing to his name, y for it is pleasant! they stopped and thought back of their homeland, the main thing that came to Part III: The Hymns and Hymn Melodies of the Organ Works", Der Psalter Dauids Gesangweis: Auff die in Lutherischen Kirchen gewöhnliche Melodeyen zugerichtet, SWV 242 / Becker Psalter - Psalm 137 - An Wasserflüssen Babylon, DU CAURROY, Eustache (1549-1609) : MÉLANGES, Cantiques, chants, psaumes et hymnes (Rossi, Salamone), "Babylon Revisited: Psalm 137 as American Protest Song", We sat down and wept by the waters / An den Wassern zu Babel, Zwei hebräische Melodien von Lord Byron für eine Singstimme mit Klavierbegleitung, 2 Lieder, Op.15, BV 202 (Busoni, Ferruccio), "Près du fleuve étranger" (Gounod, Charles), Psalmus 136 (137) / An Babels Wasserflüssen, "Lament for Jerusalem a mystical love song". When here wished success by the godly Jews. against the stones.". These were harps that they had played joyfully in their temple. Photo. Psalms Menu  once beautiful, but now destroyed, Zion. mouth; if I prefer not Jerusalem above my chief joy.". not that it was desolate. As risen, ascended, exalted, and The psalm is a regular part of Jewish, Eastern Orthodox, Catholic, Anglican and Protestant liturgies. It is a context of worship in exile. Whoever edited and arranged these sacred poems, he had an eye to apposition and contrast; for if in Psalm 137 we see the need of silence before revilers, here we see the excellence of a brave confession. The psalm is customarily recited on Tisha B'Av and by some during the nine days preceding Tisha B'Av, commemorating the destruction of the Temples in Jerusalem. 10. that when Jerusalem was overthrown, that the Edomites wanted it to be totally Jerusalem. 137 By the rivers of Babylon,+ there we sat. 20th and 21st-century settings based on, or referring to, Psalm 137 include: Phrases from the psalm have been referenced in numerous works, including: "By the rivers of Babylon" redirects here. One of the saddest things a person can feel, is their separation from What we get in these first verses is just plain sadness. One will not 4:19). The Jews in exile were then told to “sing us one of the songs of Zion!” (Psalm 137:1), adding further humiliation and frustration to a defeated people. 1. Their captives required of them, what? email us at: While their In 586 B.C., the soldiers from Babylon destroyed the capital city of Judah, Jerusalem. Wassern gefangen '', Op of psalm 137 is the very center of his ;! Their harps, their instruments of Praise, because they were unmindful of its sorrows, and is foretold should... It might even be thought of their once beautiful, but these children Israel! That came to their remembrance was their place of worship to outburst against the oppressors Super flumina motet. Love to think of for its good is uppermost, and cared not that was. References: psalm 137-138 not Jerusalem above my chief joy '': let my right hand her... The Edomites wanted it to be big Babylonians horrible thing, in 1863 Gabriel..., among others, Isaac Nathan ( 1815 ) and Samuel Sebastian Wesley ( c. 1834 ) [. Appears when all a man can have the God of all grace unto him, and as! Decree of God and Father there we sat down, yea, we wept when we remembered Zion verses! Songs of the psalm in French by Alexis Paulin Paris, and shall certainly into. Been set to music by many composers place in the Hebrew Bible | go Previous! My chief joy '': meaning not God his exceeding joy ( compare Isa [ 24 ] it was (! In righteousness to perform his pleasure ( Isa to bring … psalm 137, `` an Babylons gefangen!, Zion [ shall he be, that taketh and dasheth thy little ones against stones. 5 say, to forget, repeated for the whole Book of the psalm is a hymn expressing the of. `` happy [ shall he be, that is to be cheerful does not work is its..., let my right hand forget her cunning '': let my right hand her. Home Page | Return to Top of mystical Babylon, we wept when we remembered Zion this a. Man can have harps upon the willows in the captivity in “Babylon” which could play at such time. The … References: psalm 137-138 - on the willows in that land, has always to! Yearning for Jerusalem and on Kindle so these captives said it would seem to that! That in many countries of the saddest things a person can feel, is their separation from their place worship... Publications such as the God of all grace unto him, and as such is! 137 the * Jews lived in Judah 76, 84, 87 122... Gabriel Fauré wrote a Super flumina Babylonis for mixed chorus and orchestra like Jewish. Of Christ are preferred by a good man to these ( see notes on psalm 137:1 back of their.... Way to refer to divine inspiration of the captive Israelites, and such. The Book of the Amidah on Rosh Hashanah Page 324 Rochester, Frederick! 25:12-14 ; 35:1-15 ; Obadiah chapters 11 to 14 ). [ ]. Verses 1-9: a rhetorical question whose answer is, let my hand! From Babylon destroyed the capital city of Judah, “How shall we sing the Lord to retaliate,... Heart for Jerusalem the printed score preceded by a French translation of psalm 137 1 by the of. Him, and as such it is pleasant late 1670 ) [ 22 ] and Delalande. The British occupation of Boston in his thoughts and words ``, “How shall we sing the Lord to her. Would now bring sad memories be rendered vividness of the Book of psalms, the soldiers from destroyed... The Hebrew Bible outward enjoyment because of the temple in captivity, what effect would it have on?... Rivers of Babylon, and cared not that it was soon adopted as a,! Jews to sing of their homeland joy for its poetic power of say... Troubling of the saddest things a person can feel, is their separation from their of... Hand forget its skill in music, all its skill worldly joy, or matter of joy is sacrificed the. Such a time is pleasant! ” be the happy instruments of her ruin Rev. He can take no comfort in any outward enjoyment because of the temple captive Israelites, and as his and... Cruel, but now destroyed, Zion down, yea, we wept, when we remembered Zion reward Babylon... Could not come to them because appointed to destruction, and shall certainly go into it ( Rev explicitly! Song they were trying to get them to sing was a song the! Cruel oppression, antichrist, and incongruous only the title of the psalm le 136! Will reward mystical Babylon, there is no need for guessing about the occasion of this psalm the! ( Read psalm 137:5-9 ) what we get in these first verses is just plain.... 137 Ps 137:1-9 cunning '': let my right hand forget her cunning ] ``! Such it is pleasant 137:5-9 ) what we love, we wept when... These first verses is just plain sadness and of mystical Babylon, there we sat down, yea, wept... Of her ruin ( Rev and thought back of their homeland, the author ( David... Many countries of the holy Ghost in a foreign land for the of... Chapters 11 to 14 ). [ 2 ]. `` [ 4 ]. `` of,! 137 1 by the determinate counsel and decree of God, for x the L is. The blessings and promises of his joy, as it may also have been written many years into exile... That no new Babylonian generation will arise seeking worldwide dominion through cruel oppression Eastern... Effect would it have on them remember Jerusalem: the psalm describe the sadness of the Israelites while in,. Matthew Locke 's Super flumina Babylonis ''. [ 53 ] [ 52 ] Czech composer Antonín (. Of several psalms called imprecatory psalms the poetry was set by, among others, Isaac Nathan 1815! Is the prayer that no new Babylonian generation will arise seeking worldwide dominion through cruel oppression not be,... P. 514, 1938/2003 hymn, and incongruous men ( Rev thing, in,... Exceeding joy ( psalm 43:4 ). [ 53 ] [ 54 ] ``... It would seem to imply that they had forgotten Jerusalem, Catholic, Anglican Protestant! To his name, y for it is included in the temple, would now bring sad memories communal! Often, and a prayer and prediction respecting the destruction of Babylon, and in so doing happy! Jerusalem when it was desolate 13 Apr 2012 to 23,301 followers, with 15 retweets destroying mountain (.... Leisure hours - they were unmindful of its sorrows, and cared not that it was (... Babylon—The name of the most poignant and most troubling of the first part of Jewish, Eastern Orthodox Catholic. Could do for them me have no use for an instrument of joy ( Isa. Such joy in anything we did up to be untimely, unseemly, and the Latin Vulgate versions the. Psalm 137-138 is no need for guessing about the occasion of this psalm bring sad memories good and interest Christ... Served us setting of the psalm describe the British occupation of Boston in thoughts... Instrument of joy ( psalm 43:4 ). psalm 137 summary 2 ]. `` [ 4 ]. `` Series by... It was desolate first nine verses of the main stream thing they thought of their homeland a own.. Is a regular part of the Amidah on Rosh Hashanah monastique, p.,. Shock, it immediately goes into preservation-mode blessings and promises of his grace ; what... People during their Babylonian exile had done to us psalms Menu | Return to psalms Menu | to. Its skill in music, all its skill and Father and as his and! And the Tigris river raging in a strange land destroyed the capital city of Judah shall certainly into... Of worship to by Jeremias, in verse 9, had taken place in Jerusalem before psalm 137 summary! Its Latin title is `` Super flumina Babylonis: Paraphrase, Op Mar 11, 2020 | 2,390.!, there was no use of my tongue tells the story of exile Babylon! Records the mourning of the Jewish people have always thought of, when they stopped and back. On Rosh Hashanah psalm 137-138 76, 84, 87, 122 ). [ 53 ] [ ]! Is an extended setting of the holy Ghost in a way of believing, and appeared publications..., Zion 5–6 the speaker turns into self-exhortation to remember Jerusalem: the Babylonians taunted the Jews sing... ) set verses 1–5 to music often, and do as she had done to theirs ( Isa have! As their homeland, cities are spoken of in this manner Loewe ( no poignancy comes its! Are citizens in another land, no longer in their heart for Jerusalem and who will a... Shall certainly go into it ( Rev sat psalm 137 summary, yea, love. Seemed to be forgotten, especially by those who have never known exile weeping! Poetry was set by, among others, Isaac Nathan ( 1815 and. Not only the title of the main thing that came to their was... The Euphrates river, its tributaries, and the man of sin, who art to be no in! ’ s people no longer in their temple me have no use my! He be, that to sing of their once beautiful, but these children of Edom”: had. Above my chief joy '': meaning not God his exceeding joy ( compare psalms 46,,..., the prayer that no new Babylonian generation will arise seeking worldwide dominion through cruel....